In the midst of the war in Ukraine, the BRICS summit, Thursday June 23, had a special symbolism: it was Vladimir Putin’s first – virtual – public appearance at an international summit since the start of the conflict. Banished by Western countries, the Russian president underlined his desire to ” to strengthen the ties “ between the five States: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. “A leadership role from the BRICS countries is needed today as never before to develop a unifying, positive policy aimed at creating a system [mondial] truly multipolar, assured the Russian leader. Same idea for Chinese President Xi Jinping: “Our summit today comes at a crucial time to choose the future of humanity. As key emerging markets and developing countries, we BRICS countries must shoulder our responsibilities. »
The meeting showed that these leaders were more concerned with the consequences of the war in Ukraine than with the conflict itself and the responsibilities of the protagonists. In their respective speeches, the leaders avoid the term “war”. The final communiqué relates that they discussed the “situation in Ukraine” and called for talks between Moscow and Kyiv.
For these heads of state, there is no question of boycotting Russia, which would risk reinforcing inflation and food insecurity. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa highlighted the concern in Africa over this: “We are concerned that the attention and resources of the international community have been diverted from other conflicts and humanitarian crises. »
“Cynicism” of the West
Vladimir Putin denounced the “cynicism” Westerners on the risks of food crisis, Friday June 24, during a “High-level dialogue on global development” bringing together the leaders of the BRICS and those of other countries (Algeria, Argentina, Cambodia, Egypt, Indonesia, Senegal ).
For the Russian and Chinese leaders, who have exchanged three times in the past two weeks, it is the strengthening of the Western alliance that worries. The two presidents tried to take advantage of this annual summit, the stakes of which are usually mainly economic, to rally the major states of the South to their cause against the West.
Behind Chinese criticism of ‘bloc mentality’ lies concern that a more cohesive Western camp behind the United States
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BRICS leaders mark their difference by appearing alongside Vladimir Putin
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