Emmanuel Macron’s party loses absolute majority

Thunderbolt in France, Emmanuel Macron’s party lost its absolute majority, while the far right made a breakthrough in the legislative elections.

President Emmanuel Macron suffered a major disavowal on Sunday in the second round of the legislative elections in Francelosing its absolute majority in the National Assembly, which will complicate its ability to govern in an election also marked by strong pressure from the far right and the left.

If these results are confirmed, the French president, re-elected in April for a second term, will have to find alliances to implement his reform program over the next five years. In a first comment, the Minister of Public Accounts Gabriel Attal, a close friend of the president, conceded that it was “far from what we hoped for”. “What is emerging is an unprecedented situation in political and parliamentary life, which will force us to overcome our certainties, our divisions,” he said on the TF1 channel.



“What is emerging is an unprecedented situation in political and parliamentary life, which will force us to overcome our certainties, our divisions”

Gabriel Attal

Minister of Public Accounts

According to the first projections of the polling institutes, the coalition Together! of the president, who despite everything arrives at the head of the ballot, would obtain between 200 and 260 seats, very far from the absolute majority of 289 deputies (out of 577) in the National Assembly. For its part, the left alliance Nupes led by Jean-Luc Mélenchon is between 150 and 200 deputies, and becomes the first opposition group in the Assembly, according to these projections. For the united left – a first for decades – it is a victory with a bitter taste since it fails to impose cohabitation on President Macron as it displayed the ambition.

Breakthrough of the far right

the far-right party National Rally (RN) of Marine Le Pen obtains between 60 and 100 deputies according to the same sources, which represents a considerable breakthrough.

100

deputies

The National Rally will obtain between 60 and 100 deputies

“It’s a navy blue wave all over the country. The lesson tonight is that the French people made Emmanuel Macron a minority president“, rejoiced the interim president of the party, Jordan Bardella, going so far as to evoke a “tsunami”.

The formation of Marine Le Pen, finalist in the presidential election and largely re-elected on Sunday, multiplies by fifteen its number of deputies and crosses the threshold required to form a group in the lower house of Parliament, a first for more than 35 years.

As for the classic right, it saves the furniture with about sixty deputies, and could find itself in the position of arbiter in the future Assembly even if it loses its status as the first opposition group in the Assembly. The precise distribution of the 577 seats in the National Assembly should not be known until later in the night.

This vote is likely to cause great instability. “On each vote, everything is possible”, anticipated political scientist Alain Duhamel, since there is no absolute majority and the government can find itself in a minority on each vote.

Mass abstention

Unsurprisingly, this election, the 4th in two months after the presidential election, was shunned by the French while part of the country suffered an unprecedented heat wave.
The abstention rate is expected to reach between 53.5% and 54%, up more than one point from the first round (52.49%), according to the pollsters. However, it will not reach the record for the second round of 2017 (57.36%).

This election completes a long electoral cycle which will have confirmed a vast political recomposition in France around three blocs to the detriment of the traditional right and left partieswhich began with the election of Mr. Macron in 2017.
The French will have gone to the polls in total no less than four times in two years, in a context of successive crises, from the Covid-19 pandemic to the war in Ukraine, including the rise in inflation and threats to the economy.

Several ministers beaten

Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne has won her duel in Normandy.
©AFP

In the home stretch, Emmanuel Macron had dramatized the issue, but the French seem not to have heard him, preferring to grant him only a relative majority. The day had started badly for the presidential majority with the failure in Guadeloupe of the Secretary of State for the Sea, Justine Benin, beaten by the left-wing candidate. In accordance with an unwritten rule but already applied in 2017 by Emmanuel MacronMs. Benin will have, barely named, to leave the government.

And the bad news followed one another in the evening: the current president of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand, close to Mr. Macron, was beaten against a Nupes candidate. The boss of the deputies Christophe Castaner was also in a difficult situation.

This could also be the case for several other ministers, including Clément Beaune (Europe) or Amélie de Montchalin (Ecological transition), engaged in close duels against the left in the Paris region. On the other hand, Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne won her duel in Normandy.

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Emmanuel Macron’s party loses absolute majority


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