French Parliament: Macron loses his majority, Mélenchon at the head of the opposition

President Emmanuel Macron suffered a major disavowal on Sunday in the second round of legislative elections in France, losing his absolute majority in the National Assembly, which will complicate his ability to govern in a poll also marked by the strong push from the extreme right and from the left.

If these results are confirmed, the French president, re-elected in April for a second term, will have to find alliances to implement his reform program over the next five years.

In a first comment, the Minister of Public Accounts Gabriel Attal, a close friend of the president, conceded that it was “far from what we hoped for”.

“What is emerging is an unprecedented situation in political and parliamentary life, which will force us to overcome our certainties, our divisions,” he said on the TF1 channel.

According to the first projections of the polling institutes, the coalition Ensemble! of the President, who despite everything comes out on top in the ballot, would obtain between 200 and 260 seats, very far from the absolute majority of 289 deputies (out of 577) in the National Assembly.

For its part, the left alliance Nupes led by Jean-Luc Mélenchon is between 150 and 200 deputies, and becomes the first opposition group in the Assembly, according to these projections.

For the united left – a first for decades – it is a victory with a bitter taste since it fails to impose cohabitation on President Macron as it displayed the ambition.


Marine Le Pen’s far-right National Rally (RN) party won between 60 and 100 deputies according to the same sources, which represents a considerable breakthrough.

“It’s a navy blue wave all over the country. The lesson from tonight is that the French people have made Emmanuel Macron a minority president,” said the party’s interim president, Jordan. Bardella, going so far as to evoke a “tsunami”.

The formation of Marine Le Pen, finalist in the presidential election and largely re-elected on Sunday, multiplied by fifteen its number of deputies and crossed the threshold required to form a group in the lower house of Parliament, a first for more than 35 years.

As for the classic right, it saves the furniture with about sixty deputies, and could find itself in the position of arbiter in the future Assembly even if it loses its status as the first opposition group in the Assembly.

The precise distribution of the 577 seats in the National Assembly should not be known until later in the night.

This vote is likely to cause great instability. “On each vote, everything is possible”, anticipated political scientist Alain Duhamel, since there is no absolute majority and the government can find itself in a minority on each vote.


Unsurprisingly, this election, the 4th in two months after the presidential election, was shunned by the French while part of the country suffered an unprecedented heat wave.

The abstention rate is expected to reach between 53.5% and 54%, up more than one point from the first round (52.49%), according to polling institutes. However, it will not reach the record for the second round of 2017 (57.36%).

This election completes a long electoral cycle which will have confirmed a vast political recomposition in France around three blocs to the detriment of the traditional parties of right and left, which began with the election of Mr. Macron in 2017.

The French will have gone to the polls in total no less than four times in two years, in a context of successive crises, from the Covid-19 pandemic to the war in Ukraine, including the rise in inflation and threats to the economy.

In the home stretch, Emmanuel Macron had dramatized the issue, but the French seem not to have heard him, preferring to grant him only a relative majority.

The day had started badly for the presidential majority with the failure in Guadeloupe of the Secretary of State for the Sea, Justine Benin, beaten by the left-wing candidate.

In accordance with an unwritten rule but already applied in 2017 by Emmanuel Macron, Ms. Benin will have, barely named, to leave the government.

And the bad news followed one another in the evening: the current president of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand, close to Mr. Macron, was beaten against a candidate from Nupes. The boss of the deputies Christophe Castaner was also in a difficult situation.

This could also be the case for several other ministers, including Clément Beaune (Europe) or Amélie de Montchalin (Ecological Transition), engaged in close duels against the left in the Paris region.

On the other hand, Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne won her duel in Normandy.

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French Parliament: Macron loses his majority, Mélenchon at the head of the opposition

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