Philomag offers you a weekly selection of articles published in the French and foreign press, brought together around a common theme. Articles that surprised, questioned, disturbed us. The opportunity to discover new points of view on the world and the events that make the news.
This week, a question: what lessons can be drawn from the results of legislative elections from last Sunday? The unprecedented composition of the Assembly, which does not grant an absolute majority to the President’s party, forces us to rethink, upstream, the functioning of the Ve Republic, and to reinvent, downstream, the way of approaching legislative work and its share of compromises. Lighting in three articles.
“Ungovernable” : the word has been on everyone’s lips since the second round of legislative elections. How Emmanuel Macron will he preside without a majority? How will he be able to form a government? In Opinionphilosopher Raphael Llorca move the question: “Let us take seriously the symbolic function of the National Assembly which, as an expression of national representation, is supposed to reflect society: if the Assembly is ungovernable, is it not because it society as a whole has become so? » From his point of view, “Emmanuel Macron is not the only one to be confronted with an “ungovernable” Assembly. […] This is also the case for all parents, teachers and business leaders today. »
Do not dramatize the situation: that’s what hammers Pierre-Henri Tavoillot in an interview with Point. “The catastrophic tone strikes me. » If the composition of the new Assembly poses difficulties for governing, it can also be seen as a “chance to seize”. By learning to ” negotiate on subjects where alliances with variable geometry can beand create. » For the philosopher, “The optimistic hypothesis would lead us to believe that we will finally be interested in what happens there because it will be more interesting. Of course, there will be calamitous deputies, but this is an opportunity to finally hold debates, to renounce partisan laws, which will no longer pass, to come to shared diagnoses, to co-drafted laws , in cases where some play the game. We will also understand that it is not necessary to make laws on everything” as was the case until now, in times of absolute majority.
Jean-Fabien Spitz: “If you call for a vote for the Republic, you have to pursue a republican policy […] which defends public services, a policy of social equality, a policy that does not make people’s lives more precarious”
The result of the legislative elections is a symptom of the “crisis of democracy”, analyzes the philosopher Jean-Fabien Spitz in an interview for The cross. This crisis is linked to several factors. A “founding event”first: the ” 2005 referendum, when the voters rejected the European Constitutional Treaty (ECT) and it was imposed on them despite everything”. “The other major source of the crisis of democracy is the institutions. The presidential election of the Ve Republic finally ends up voting “against” rather than “for”, and it is an aberration. » These two elements combined have led to a “sterilization” of the debate: “We were not in a tyranny of the majority, because the President of the Republic never gathered around his name a majority of the electorate. We have rather been in a tyranny of the minority, thanks to institutions that make it possible. This monopolistic exercise of power creates democratic disaffection., which is a real threat. Evidenced by the historical scores of the far right. The call for a blockade will not be enough if it is not accompanied by a real policy attentive to the needs of citizens.
On Europe 1, philosopher Pierre Manent considered that “the impasse, the difficulty in which the president finds himself is also the impasse of the other political forces” : “Representing unease, passing on French misfortune, is not preparing to govern! » We are sorely lacking in truth “political project”. For its part, on the same channel, Michael Onfray denounced the aberrant functioning of the institutions : “The Ve Republic should force Macron to resign or change prime minister. And to add, offensively: “From an institutional point of view, these are coups d’etat which are permanently linked”. For his part, on CNews, Bernard-Henri Levy denounced, without going into nuance, the rise of extremes: “The RN and LFI are extreme blocs, twins in many ways. […] These are the two faces of France, rancid, which does not love France, does not love itself and which turns its back on what is great in it. »
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Legislative: from the crisis of democracy to an ungovernable France?
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